Click here to send us your inquires or call (852) 36130518
Translations
Main home page Amazon UK Store Amazon COM Store Site map Search Resources
Translations Languages Language issues Writing Chronology Patriarchs Exodus Judges Site access Recent changes Sundry

Psalm 121 - analysis of words used

 TranslationTransliteration
1. a) ’essa’ - from nâsâ’, lift / carry / take away - Qal imperfect 1S
b) ‘êynay - eyes
c) ’el - towards
d) hehârîym - the mountains

a) mê’ayin - from where? / whence?
b) yâbô’ - from bôw’, come (in) / go (in) - Qal imperfect 3MS
c) ‘ezrîy - my help

 
’essa’ ‘êynay ’el-hehârîym
 
 
 

mê’ayin yâbô’ ‘ezrîy
 
 

2. a) ‘ezrîy - my help
b) mê‘am - from with / from beside
c) Yahweh

a) ‘ôsêh - from ‘âsâh, do / make - active participle
b) shâmayim - the skies / heavens
c) vâ’ârets - and the earth

 
‘ezrîy mê‘am YHVH
 
 

‘ôsêh shâmayim vâ’ârets
 
 

3. a) ’al - negation
b) yittên - from nâthan, give / bestow / permit / grant - Qal imperfect 3MS
c) lammôwt - from môwt, slip / totter - Qal participle
d) raglekhâ - your foot

a) ’al - negation
b) yânûm - from nûwm, be drowsy / slumber - Qal imperfect 3MS
c) shômrekhâ - from shâmar, keep / preserve / guard - Qal participle + your

 
’al yittên lammôwt raglekhâ
 
 
 

’al yânûm shômrekhâ
 
 

4. a) hinnêh - Behold! / See!
b) lô’ - negation
c) yânûm - from nûwm, be drowsy / slumber - Qal imperfect 3MS
d) velô’ - (and) negation
e) yîyshân - from yâshan, sleep - Qal imperfect 3MS

a) shôwmêr - from shâmar, keep / preserve / guard - Qal participle
b) Israel

 
hinnêh lô’ yânûm velô’ yîyshân
 
 
 
 

shôwmêr yisrâ’êl
 

5. a) Yahweh
b) shômrekhâ - from shâmar, keep / preserve / guard - Qal participle + your

a) Yahweh
b) tsillekhâ - your shade / shadow (tsêl)
c) ‘al - at / upon / above
d) yad - hand
e) yemîynâkhâ - your right hand

 
YHVH shômrekhâ
 

YHVH tsillekhâ ‘al-yad yemîynâkhâ
 
 
 
 

6. a) yôwmâm - by day / in the daytime
b) hashshemesh - the sun
c) lô’ - negation
d) yakkekkâh - from nâkâh, strike / smite - Qal imperfect 3MF

a) veyârêach - and the moon
b) ballâylâh - in the night

 
yôwmâm hashshemesh lô’-yakekâh
 
 
 

veyârêach ballâylâh
 

7. a) Yahweh (emphasised)
b) yishmârekhâ - from shâmar, keep / preserve / guard - Qal imperfect 3MS + you as object
c) mikkol - from all
d) râ‘ - evil

a) yishmôr - from shâmar, keep / preserve / guard - Qal imperfect 3MS
b) ’eth - sentence object marker
c) naphshekhâ - your soul / life

 
YHVH yishmârekhâ mikkol-râ‘
 
 
 

yishmôr ’eth-naphshekhâ
 
 

8. a) Yahweh
b) yishmâr - from shâmar, keep / preserve / guard - Qal imperfect 3MS
c) tsê’thekhâ - from yâtsâ’, go / go out / go forth - infinitive construct + your
d) ûbô’ekhâ - from bôw’, come (in) / go (in) - infinitive construct + your

a) mê‘attâh - from this time / from now
b) ve‘ad - and into
c) ‘ôwlâm - for ever / eternity / indefinite / unending

 
YHVH yishmâr-tsê’thekhâ ûbô’ekhâ
 
 
 

mê‘attâh ve‘ad-‘ôwlâm
 
 

Translations